Born: 1445, Florance, Italy
Died: May 17, 1510, Florance, Italy
Full Name: Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi Botticelli
Periods: Italian Renaissance, Early Renaissance, Renaissance
Sandro Botticelli a famous Italian painter, who born in 1445, in the city of Florence. His full name is Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi which means ‘small wine cask’. He was one of the most acclaimed painters in Italy during his lifetime. Botticelli’s father was a tanner and he was initially trained as a goldsmith. We know very few information about his early life. He was not too much known for centuries after his death. But in the Italian Renaissance, he was one of the most individual painters. He got his posthumous reputation in the late 19th century when a group of artist in England rediscovered his paintings.
Botticelli’s painting style was popular and he was followed by many artists such as Andrea del Verrocchio. Filippo Lippi, one of the most admired Florentine masters of his time formed him fundamental formation of Botticelli’s own artistic work. He also studied the sculptural style of Antonio Pollaiuolo and Andrea del Verrocchio, the leading Florentine painters of the 1460s In his paintings, he gave more importance on the human figure rather than on space. In major early works such as Fortitude and St. Sebastian he changes the appearance of muscular energy and physical action. Later, in his paintings such as Calumny of Apelles, the Crucifixion, the Last Communion of St. Jerome and the Nativity, he used small figures, for that reason the entire picture surface seemed alive. He painted many religious picture and family portrait. The Adoration of the Magi is his famous religious picture. There is a popular belief that the model of his famous paintings The Birth of Venus is Simonetta Vespucci who was the wife of a nobleman. Rumors said that he loved the lady. He also painted many frescoes in Florentine churches. In his later years, he failed to receive painting assignments. He tried for illustrating Dante’s Divine Comedy on his set of drawings but he could not finish.
His famous works areAdoration of the Magi (c. 1475–1476), Primavera (c. 1482) and The Birth of Venus (c. 1485). In the 16th century, he was criticized for his arts are old-fashioned but 400 years after his death his arts are respected by the artist.
At the age of 65 Sandro Botticelli died and it is said that he was poor when he died.
Important work of Sandro Botticelli:
1. Primavera (1482)
2. The Birth of Venus (1486)
|The Birth of Venus|
3. The Mystical Nativity (1500-15001)
|The Mystical Nativity|
4. Venus and Mars (1483)
|Venus and Mars|